Jan. 23rd, 2017

leblon: (farns)
Пару лет назад,[livejournal.com profile] ygam высказал правдоподобную гипотезу, что вранье т.н. "ватников" имеет ритуальную цель: показать, что "я свой", что "я тоже замазан в нашем дерьме" (пусть он меня поправит, я по памяти воспроизвожу). Судя по-всему, вранье Трампа во многом имеет похожую природу. Никто, кроме его сторонников, не верит в его вранье, настолько оно очевидно. Да и многие его сторонники в него не верят. Цель не в том, чтобы кого-нибудь убедить. Вот тут Jacob Levy (political scientist at McGill и т.н. Bleeding-Heart Libertarian) подробно про это пишет:

"Sometimes—often—a leader with authoritarian tendencies will lie in order to make others repeat his lie both as a way to demonstrate and strengthen his power over them.
Saying something obviously untrue, and making your subordinates repeat it with a straight face in their own voice, is a particularly startling display of power over them. It’s something that was endemic to totalitarianism. Arendt analyzed the huge lies and blatant reversals of language associated with the Holocaust. Havel documented the pervasive little lies, lies that everyone knew to be lies, of late Communism. And Orwell gave us the vivid “2+2=5.”

Being made to repeat an obvious lie makes it clear that you’re powerless; it also makes you complicit. You’re morally compromised. Your ability to stand on your own moral two feet and resist or denounce is lost. Part of this is a general tool for making people part of immoral groups. One child makes a second abuse a third. The second then can’t think he’s any better than the first, the bully, and can’t inform. In a gang or the Mafia, your first kill makes you trustworthy, because you’re now dependent on the group to keep your secrets, and can’t credibly claim to be superior to them."

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